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History of the Surrealist Movement
Robert Motherwell Book Award 2003
The winner of the 2003 Robert Motherwell Book Award is History of the Surrealist Movement (The University of Chicago Press) by Gérard Durozoi.
The members of the jury commended Durozoi for extending the scope of our understanding of Surrealism both culturally and historically. They noted that Durozoi takes Surrealism beyond its official obituary by demonstrating its continued artistic and political vitality during, and well after, the Second World War. The author focuses attention on figures too long considered minor, but whose contributions were an integral determinant of the Surrealist achievement. In addition, the author brings to the fore many larger philosophic issues that accompanied the movement from its inception soon after the First World War. Finally, the jury noted the excellent documentation carefully assembled by the author, including photographs never before published.
Gérard Durozoi is the coauthor, with Bernard Lecherbonnier, of the books André Breton: L’écriture surréaliste and Le Surréalisme, theories, themes, techniques. He is the editor of Dictionnaire de l’art moderne et contemporain.
Also cited by the jury for special mention were the following books:
MAVO, Japanese Artists and the Avant-Garde 1905-1931, by Gennifer Weisenfeld, University of California Press, 21st Century Modernism by Marjorie Perloff. Blackwell Publishers, Manuel de Falla and Modernism in Spain, 1898-1936 by Carol A. Hess, University of Chicago Press, The Senses of Modernism by Sara Danius, Cornell University Press.