Summertime in Italy, #12
lithograph on Rives BFK paper
29 1/8 x 20 1/8 in. (74 x 51.1 cm)
Signed "Motherwell," "RM," or "Robert Motherwell" in pencil lower left; signed "RM" in plate lower left
Numbered in pencil lower center; some impressions have printer's chop mark lower right
Hollander Workshop, New York
Irwin Hollander, Hollander Workshop
1 color printed in 1 run from 1 zinc plate: brown – plate
B Appendix 21
Motherwell wanted the gestural shapes in this image to be overspread by a random tracery of lines. To achieve this, transfer paper was rubbed with lithographic crayon and crumpled before being set into a zinc plate for printing. Unfortunately, the numerous gray and white modulations originally achieved in this manner closed up after a short print run, a problem that would later be solved by applying lacquer as a stabilizer. Consequently, no edition was printed of this image. Instead, the image was printed in both black and brown, with some impressions proofed on buff Arches paper.
See cat. no. 47 for a related image. See also Comments for cat. no. 31.